International Journal of Plant Sciences and Phytomedicines

ISSN: (2790-4946)
Research Paper
ETHNOBOTANICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL and FLORISTIC SCREENING OF SELECTED SPECIES OF FAMILY LAMIACEAE DISTRICT MIRPUR, AJ&K
Sumaira Thind 14 Downloads
Abstract

ABSTRACT

In this floristic, ethnobotanical study and phytochemical screening of some species of lamiaceae of District, Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, only three species of family lamiaceae Mentha spicata, Mentha longifolia and Ocimum basilicum were found, collected and studied. The floristic study of these species has revealed that the members of family lamiaceae are not native to District Mirpur. The three found species are cultivated by

the local people for different domestic uses. The study shows that species of lamiaceae collected from the field are Perennial herbs, their life form diversity is Hemi-cryptophyte and their leaf size diversity is Microphylls. The Ethnobotanical study of the species of lamiaceae found in District, Mirpur showed that these plant species are highly popular among the local people of Mirpur, they are used by the local people on daily basis in food, dishes, home remedies and many ailments. UV index, Direct matrix ranking (DMR) and Probability ranking (PR) of the ethnobotanical uses of these species showed that Mentha spicata has (0.79) UV index and highest ranking of (DMR and PR) in ethnobotanical uses followed by the other two species. Phytochemical screening of leaves of Mentha spicata has confirmed the presence of many phytochemicals like Alkaloids, Phenols, Tannins, Flavonoids, Steroids and Sterols. The phytochemical test with chloroform as solvent for extraction gave maximum positive results with a ratio of 10:3 of positive and negative result as compared to the other solvent methanol used for the extraction.

ABSTRACT

In this floristic, ethnobotanical study and phytochemical screening of some species of lamiaceae of District, Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, only three species of family lamiaceae Mentha spicata, Mentha longifolia and Ocimum basilicum were found, collected and studied. The floristic study of these species has revealed that the members of family lamiaceae are not native to District Mirpur. The three found species are cultivated by the local people for different domestic uses. The study shows that species of lamiaceae collected from the field are Perennial herbs, their life form diversity is Hemi-cryptophyte and their leaf size diversity is Microphylls. The Ethnobotanical study of the species of lamiaceae found in District, Mirpur showed that these plant species are highly popular among the local people of Mirpur, they are used by the local people on daily basis in food, dishes, home remedies and many ailments. UV index, Direct matrix ranking (DMR) and Probability ranking (PR) of the ethnobotanical uses of these species showed that Mentha spicata has (0.79) UV index and highest ranking of (DMR and PR) in ethnobotanical uses followed by the other two species. Phytochemical screening of leaves of Mentha spicata has confirmed the presence of many phytochemicals like Alkaloids, Phenols, Tannins, Flavonoids, Steroids and Sterols. The phytochemical test with chloroform as solvent for extraction gave maximum positive results with a ratio of 10:3 of positive and negative result as compared to the other solvent methanol used for the extraction.